They demand more information and they have the feeling that those of certain persuasions are manipulating reality. The same studies confirm, incidentally, that immigration is a subject which is often more important in political circles than to voters. Experience suggests quite the opposite in various Member States where for a long time the established political parties sought to avoid any debate on immigration policy.
It is only thanks to the electoral success of new, generally right-wing nationalist, parties that a debate on the consequences of the immigration policy pursued has come about. The conclusions of the studies to which the Commissioner refers are therefore extremely surprising. Can the Commissioner provide exact references to these studies?
The project focused on the role of four types of actors — the state, political parties, movements, and the media — in politicizing, or depoliticizing, the issue of immigration in seven receiving countries: The project concludes that country specific factors affect polarisation and salience of migration. In all countries analysed, politicisation of migration is a mixture of political leadership or initiative and circumstances that provide opportunities to influence politics.
In most of the countries, politicisation is top-down driven by political parties while in some others the process tends to be initiated bottom-up with more room for civil society actors and journalists. The Commissioner in her interview also referred to the Eurobarometer on migrant integration which shows a lack of understanding of the distinction between regular and irregular migrants, and it is likely that this confusion has an impact on the views of the respondents. No cover is provided for uninsured persons except very old uninsured persons with the Agricultural Insurance Organisation, OGA.
There is no provision for priority to be given to people with the most severe disabilities. No move has been made to grant incentives for creating Social Care Cooperatives. How does it view the restrictions applied to the participation of potential beneficiaries and the definition of the lower income scale, provided in each case for the provision of the social solidarity benefit EKAS which probably includes the disability allowance , as the maximum overall income and criterion for exclusion from this benefit?
Does it intend to collaborate with the Greek authorities in order to implement in Greece a generalised system of home help for the elderly and persons with disability, regardless of their insurance history? How does it view the involvement of Social Care Cooperatives in the current system? Long-term care provision, including the provision of support services to people cared at home, is a responsibility of Member States.
These have, however, agreed a set of legally not binding common objectives on the accessibility, quality and financial sustainability of long-term care in the context of their cooperation in the Social Protection Committee. The programme was at the time eligible for co-financing by the ESF because it would facilitate access to employment for jobseekers especially women. As from the beginning of , following an agreement between the Commission and the Greek authorities, Greece developed their national sustainable programme without ESF support.
The Commission is not in a position to assess the adequacy of this new programme. The Commission supports Member States in their efforts to provide accessible, quality and sustainable long-term care systems. To this end, the Commission organises each year peer reviews with Member States allowing for mutual learning.
In a recent report, the French newspaper Le Monde states that European ports have quietly become areas with a very high toxic risk. The presence of gas is due both to the use of chemicals in containers to combat mould and rodents and to the chemical composition of the products themselves, which release toxic gases and other harmful substances. Particular reference should be made to clothing imported from Asia, and especially China, which contains benzene and toluene, i. According to this report, the situation is deemed so serious that the competent authorities in France, the Netherlands and Belgium have already taken action to address the problem.
Is it aware of the risks in question that threaten the health of European workers and consumers? Will it make recommendations and take practical steps to safeguard the health of European citizens so as to assist the national authorities responsible for market surveillance? The Commission is aware of the issue raised by the Honourable Member.
Chemicals in consumer products are regulated by EU legislation which is enforced by Member States with the assistance of the Commission through coordination and promotion of coherence in the assessment. Under REACH Regulation a Member State or the Commission may propose to restrict a substance, if it considers that it poses a risk to human health or environment which needs to be addressed at EU level. It should be noted though that neither benzene nor toluene are biocidal products. The risk emerging from fumigated containers is of particular concern for the workers dealing with them, notably dockers and customs officials carrying out controls.
Best working practices to protect workers are being discussed in the appropriate fora with the support of experts. However, volunteer-based mountain rescue teams are required to pay VAT, although they may receive a grant from the government by way of part compensation. Does the Commission have the authority to grant exemptions from VAT requirements for such bodies? That provision does not, however, provide for an exemption from VAT for every activity performed in the public interest, but only for those which are listed and described in great detail therein.
An explicit exemption for mountain rescue services is not provided for in that provision. Any economic activity performed by mountain rescue teams which meets the requirements of that provision shall therefore be exempted by the respective Member State. Member States have however some small room for manoeuvre when authorising bodies eligible to supply VAT exempt services, provided that the overall principles of VAT, such as the principle of fiscal neutrality, are duly respected.
It is in the competence of the Member States to make sure that the abovementioned EU legislation is duly transposed and applied within their territory. According to the legislative rules of procedure at EU level in the field of VAT, any modification of this legal situation would need the unanimous adoption of a respective legal act by the Council, based on a corresponding proposal of the Commission. The Commission does not have competence to grant VAT exemptions to particular taxable persons.
With regard to the Work Programme for , could the Commission give me examples of how, to date, the competitiveness and efficiency of the defence sector have been improved through the consistent and integrated use of EU policies? As these two main Directives have only just been transposed, it is too early to assess their impact. In view of the impact of the financial crisis and defence budget cuts, the Commission has announced that it will prepare strategy for enhancing the competitiveness of the defence industry. This will take the form of a communication, which has been included in the Work Programme of It is expected to be finalised by late spring These are the reductions needed to meet the objective of a maximum temperature rise of 2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels, as agreed at the Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun in Turken vernietigen Grieks-Cypriotisch erfgoed.
Turkse bezetters hebben het merendeel van de Grieks-Cyprioten in het noordelijk deel van EU-lidstaat Cyprus verdreven. Bovendien maken de Turken zich schuldig aan het structureel vernietigen van het Cypriotisch cultureel erfgoed aldaar. Wat vindt de Commissie ervan dat dit — nota bene in een EU-lidstaat — plaatsvindt? Deelt de Commissie de mening dat de Turkse bezetters niets op Cyprus te zoeken hebben en het eiland direct dienen te verlaten? De Commissie betreurt alle schade aan het religieuze en culturele erfgoed in Cyprus en neemt nota van de zorgen van het geachte Parlementslid.
Moreover, the Turks are carrying out the structural destruction of Cypriot cultural heritage there. Is the Commission aware of the expulsion and repression of Greek Cypriots by the Turkish occupiers? How does it view the fact that this is happening in an EU Member State? Is the Commission aware of the structural destruction of Cypriot cultural heritage by the Turkish occupiers? Does it intend to speak out on this issue, loud and clear, in favour of Greek Cypriots? Does it agree that the Turkish occupiers have no business being in Cyprus and that they must leave the island immediately?
The Commission deplores any damage to religious and cultural heritage in Cyprus and takes note of the concerns of the Honourable Member. The Commission attributes great importance to the preservation of cultural heritage in Cyprus. The issues raised by the Honourable Member once again underline the need for a rapid comprehensive settlement in Cyprus between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities under the auspices of the United Nations.
Volgens de Duitse krant Die Welt heeft Ryanair foutieve informatie doorgegeven over het startgewicht van zijn toestellen. Ryanair doet de berichtgeving in de krant af als speculaties. Volgens Die Welt heeft de kwestie geen impact op de veiligheid van de passagiers.
Hoe evalueert de Commissie deze kwestie, zowel in het licht van eerlijke concurrentie als van veiligheid? Hoe zal de Commissie deze zaak verder opvolgen? De Commissie is op de hoogte van de door het geachte Parlementslid beschreven situatie. Uit de informatie van het Central Route Charges Office CRCO van Eurocontrol, dat namens de Eurocontrol-lidstaten de heffingen int, blijkt dat verschillende luchtvaartmaatschappijen maximale startgewichten MTOW — maximum take-off weights hebben opgegeven die in strijd zijn met de geldende regelgeving.
Dit betekent dat de mogelijke aangifte van foutieve waarden in het kader van deze verordening geen impact op de veiligheid heeft. De Commissie vindt het belangrijk dat de concurrentievoorwaarden voor alle gebruikers van het luchtruim identiek zijn. Zij zal het probleem onder de aandacht van de lidstaten brengen en hen verzoeken erop toe te zien dat aan het CRCO correcte MTOW-waarden worden meegedeeld. De Commissie pleegt overleg met het CRCO van Eurcontrol om een beeld te krijgen van de oorzaken en de omvang van het probleem.
De lidstaten worden verzocht binnen het gemeenschappelijk stelsel van. Op basis van de resultaten van dit proces zal de Commissie bekijken of verdere maatregelen op EU-niveau nodig zijn. Ryanair dismisses the Die Welt report as speculation. According to the newspaper, this issue has no impact on passenger safety. What is its view on this issue, both with regard to fair competition and to safety? How will it proceed on this issue?
What measures is it considering in this regard? The Commission is aware of the situation described by the Honourable Member. Based on information received from Eurocontrol's Central Route Charges Office CRCO , which has the responsibility to collect charges on behalf of Eurocontrol's Member States, it seems that several airlines would have declared maximum take-off weights MTOW values which are not consistent with the applicable rules. Therefore, there is no impact on safety in respect to the possible declaration of inconsistent values under this regulation. For the Commission it is important that a level playing field between airspace users is guaranteed.
The matter of underpayment by certain users is on the agenda of the relevant Committee of Eurocontrol in March. Member States are invited to find a solution within the route charges system. Two divergent points of view regarding the scope of this concept have been put forward by experts.
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According to one point of view, the network character of rail transport would only be violated to a legally unacceptable degree in the event that the client disregarded the network character of rail transport, did not act to ensure the continuity of connections, or did not address the issue of the technical maintenance of the operational stock. The fact that the client may maintain tariff integration is not important, given that the services are provided by a national carrier and that such tariff integration is thus guaranteed.
The Commission fully recognises that the efficiency of rail transport, and its attractiveness to end-users, depends on its network characteristics. So the economic performance and social value of each leg cannot be assessed entirely separately from the others.
Therefore, the Commission cannot provide a legal definition. With reference to the liberalisation of the market for the provision of public passenger rail transport services, a question has arisen concerning the acquisition of new rolling stock. However, not all of the competing carriers are subject to this requirement.
However, in the Czech Republic, carriers are operating which are not contracting authorities and which are participating in tendering procedures. These carriers are not obliged to purchase or otherwise acquire their rolling stock through legally prescribed procedures. This applies not only to private carriers with no connections to any body governed by public law, but also to subsidiaries of the national carriers of other EU Member States.
It is, therefore, clear that there are two separate groups of competitors involved in public passenger rail transport in the Czech Republic, and that they are facing conditions that differ for no justifiable reason. The regulation sets the conditions for awarding public service contracts for public passenger transport services by rail and by road to public or private entities.
It does not regulate the way these entities have to conduct their procurements, including the acquisition of new rolling stock. As regards acquisition of the new rolling stock the Commission agrees that different entities operating rail transport can be subject to different obligations regarding their procurements. This is also the case if such an entity operates in a field with private competition such as national railway transport. Private entities without any special or exclusive right are not subject to public procurement rules.
They are operating freely under market conditions. The Commission does not consider this situation to be discriminating or distorting the market, as these rules are commonly and uniformly applicable in all Member States. This led to reports that the IMF will change the way that it evaluates the need for austerity in developed economies, such as those in Europe, where consolidation is not achieving the expected results in some crisis-hit countries.
The IMF, however, is only one of three contracting parties that concluded the memorandum, which enabled the financing plan to be established under certain conditions. Does it recognise that the inaccuracy of previous forecasts made by the Troika may result in Portugal and other bailed-out countries being unable to achieve the goals, terms, conditions and deadlines laid down in the Memoranda of Understanding?
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Although Portugal has been exemplary in fulfilling its obligations, is it essential that the austerity measures be sustainable in terms of the demands placed on taxpayers, workers and businesses and that they correspond, at least roughly, to the forecasts that justified the memorandum itself. Does the Commission therefore not believe that it is appropriate and wise to reconsider some of its terms and targets? However, the findings reported in the working paper have been subject to debate: Notwithstanding this debate, it should be kept in mind that short-term effects of fiscal policy on economic activity are only one of the many factors that need to be considered in determining the appropriate size and pace of fiscal consolidation for any single economy.
In particular, restoring sound public finances is imperative in countries with high debt burden and limited access to financial markets such as Portugal. The Commission acknowledges the considerable achievements in terms of structural reforms and fiscal consolidation undertaken in Portugal over the past year and a half. Circumstances in individual countries are important and the Commission is ready to react to unexpected developments.
While the recent successful bond issuance signals increasing confidence in the success of the programme, the public debt ratio remains very high and it remains paramount that Portugal continues to implement bold structural reforms with a view to raising the growth potential of the economy.
They then take out patents, and the people responsible for the discovery are no longer able to use the plants unless they pay significant sums to the pharmaceutical companies. Thus, the indigenous population is paradoxically unable to make use of the resources that they themselves discovered. What steps will the Commission take to protect developing countries and to help them maintain their access to biological resources?
Would it not be justifiable in this case to modify the legislation on the granting of patents in order to make it possible for the benefits to be shared?
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Currently, this new dedicated instrument is in the process of being implemented in the Union. The Protocol's objective is that benefits must be granted to the provider country in exchange for access to genetic resources GR and traditional knowledge. Users need to obtain prior informed consent before access and to negotiate a benefit sharing agreement. The Commission's proposal for implementing the Nagoya Protocol will not modify existing patent law, but focuses on creating conditions to maximise legal access to GR thus helping innovation and benefit sharing.
The Commission actively participates in the ongoing negotiations at the World Intellectual Property Organisation WIPO regarding the connection between patent applications and genetic resources. WIPO members are in the process of assessing whether patent legislation could be modified at global level in order to create a level playing field. In this regard, in , the European Commission and Member States submitted at WIPO and WTO an EU common position setting out a new requirement for disclosure of source of GR in patent applications, which could enable benefit sharing with inter alia developing countries or indigenous populations.
In recent weeks, finance ministers have been trying to reach an agreement on bringing Greek debt down to sustainable levels. Greece was given two years to achieve its budget targets. In the Commission's opinion, will it be possible to reach an agreement on the issue of releasing the frozen assistance to Greece in spite of this opposition? We have been marking this occasion every year since People may be affected by physical, mental or psychological problems, health problems or mental illness.
Such problems and illnesses may be chronic or temporary. They are very closely associated with the loss or reduction of opportunities to participate in society on an equal footing with others. The needs of every individual and of all people are equally important. These needs must always be taken into account during planning processes, and all resources must be used in such a way as to ensure that every individual has an equal opportunity to integrate.
What steps has the Commission taken towards satisfying disabled people's needs by making it easier for them to integrate and to participate in society on an equal footing? The Commission is conscious of the importance of raising awareness on equal opportunities for persons with disabilities.
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As set out in the EDS, the Commission: The Commission encourages Members States to use European funds, including EU structural funds, to improve accessibility, combat discrimination and promote equal opportunities. The Commission also carries out awareness raising actions such as the European Day of Persons with Disabilities conference and the annual Access City Award aiming at facilitating the establishment of contacts between cities that want to learn from one another to develop and design cities without barriers.
For instance, contractual terms were not available to consult, or contact details were often either missing or misleading. How does the Commission intend to put a stop to such practices? Is it reasonable to assume that imposing sanctions on websites would oblige them to put greater effort into adhering to current rules on consumer protection?
National enforcement authorities are primarily responsible for investigating activities of companies active on their domestic market in the light of EU consumer legislation, including supervision of compliance with the applicable provisions of the E-commerce Directive, and, if necessary, follow-up with enforcement action, which can take the form of sanctions, such as fines. In a sweep, national enforcement authorities check simultaneously, under the coordination of the Commission, a sample of websites for compliance with consumer law. In a second phase, the national authorities take enforcement action, where needed, on the basis of their national legislation.
The Commission will report on the results of the second phase of the sweep on digital content in autumn It is vital that the Member States undertake efforts to ensure that minors are protected in the digital world, including by supporting all forms of supervision of the digital world. How precisely does it intend to monitor the online security of minors and young people? The proposed actions to give children the digital skills and tools they need to benefit fully and safely from the digital world are to be undertaken jointly by the Commission, Member States and industry.
Among the aims of the strategy is to give both parents and children the technical tools necessary for ensuring the online protection of children and to scale up awareness raising. In the implementation of this strategy relies on the existing Safer Internet Programme From , the creation of an EU-wide interoperable service infrastructure to support the Safer Internet Centres, which provide online safety information, is foreseen subject to the adoption of Connecting Europe Facility.
For on demand services, programmes which might seriously impair the physical, mental or moral development of minors shall only be made available in such a way as to ensure that minors will not normally hear or see such on-demand services. Major corporations and software companies are calling for laws relating to the distribution of films, music, games, applications and associated copyrights to be strengthened. Although ACTA was not passed, the issue of copyright protection must still be dealt with in a suitable manner through legislation.
How does the Commission plan to modify current legislation in order to prevent copyright violation? This strategy has two parallel tracks of action. This process will seek to exploit the potential and explore the possible limits of innovative licensing and technological solutions to help achieving a functioning Digital Single Market which work on the ground for the benefit of all. It is expected to complete its work by this autumn.
The College will then take stock of the outcome of the dialogue. The result of that consultation will be made public and will allow for the appropriate assessment to be made. Regrettably, computer threats and attacks are on the increase, and they represent a major threat to the security, defence, stability and competitiveness of countries. Is the Commission planning on playing a role in developing a comprehensive and coordinated approach to this issue at EU level? The Commission is now planning to step up its activities to provide a more comprehensive vision in this multifaceted domain.
It presents concrete policy actions to ensure a safe and resilient digital environment and step up the fight against cybercrime, while respecting and promoting fundamental rights and EU core values. The strategy explores synergies among prevention and resilience, law enforcement, international cooperation and cyber defence. The proposal aims to strengthen national preparedness; reinforce EU-level cooperation; and impose network and information security obligations on market operators which are critical for the economy and society and public administrations.
This will ensure better prevention and response to attacks as well as to incidents caused by outages, human mistakes, or natural events. Human rights activists and lawyers are being imprisoned and treated in an inhumane manner solely because they are fighting to ensure that human rights are respected in Iran. The situation is becoming increasingly bleak. Fundamental human rights are being violated in Iran with increasing severity. Therefore, the black list should be expanded. Furthermore, it is vitally important that we focus all restrictions and sanctions on weakening the Iranian Government without harming the rights of ordinary citizens.
Would the Commission consider taking part in a discussion with Iran focusing on respect for human rights? What specific measures is the Commission competent to take, with a view to ensuring that the difficult situation facing Iranians changes for the better? Moreover, the European External Action Service has made several demarches highlighting the repression of Iranian human rights defenders, which have been carried out both by the local EU representation in Tehran and to the Iranian ambassador in Brussels. It is vital that the European institutions cooperate more closely with NGOs and with disabled people.
In what specific ways can the Commission help to protect and strengthen the rights of disabled people? Will it put greater effort into making its cooperation more effective and raising awareness among the general public of disabled issues? This is done i. Skin tumours are some of the most commonly occurring malignant tumours. What measures are available to the Commission to combat the increasing incidence of skin cancers?
Will the Commission take steps in the foreseeable future with a view to raising awareness and helping to prevent skin cancer? It is specifically important to protect children and adolescents. The Health Programme has supported two projects. In the framework of the FP6 Programme for Research, the Commission has also funded the project EUROSKIN European network of skin cancer prevention on primary prevention in children, on European certification standard for solaria, on Epidermal stem cells and carcinoma and on Screening of skin cancer identification of high risk groups.
Widespread implementation of the recommendations of these projects in Member States' national Cancer Plans could lead to a reduction in skin cancers incidence, as it has been demonstrated in other parts of the world e. It is right to support further EU enlargement, but we must also consolidate the existing ties between current Member States. Does the Commission also see enlargement and increasing the number of Member States as a form of successful foreign policy?
How does it intend to strengthen the rights of ethnic and religious minorities in an expanding Europe and ensure that these rights are respected? The Commission also sees the enlargement process, which aims at preparing aspirant countries for EU membership, as a very successful foreign policy instrument.
At a time when the European Union faces major challenges, the enlargement process continues to contribute to peace, security and prosperity in Europe and allows the European Union to be better positioned to address global challenges and pursue its strategic interests. The prospect of accession drives political and economic reforms, transforming societies and consolidating the rule of law in those European countries aspiring to join the European Union, creating new opportunities for citizens and business. The enlargement process thus has a transformative and stabilising effect to the benefit of both the European Union and the European countries aspiring to join.
The European Union is committed to protecting human rights, including the religious rights of citizens, as well as the rights of persons belonging to minorities. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion and any discrimination on grounds of, inter alia , religion, race or association with a national minority is prohibited. To ensure that these rights are also respected in an expanding Europe, these principles are part of the criteria that a country has to meet in order to join the European Union.
The Commission and the OECD have released a report which shows that expenditure on healthcare fell by approximately 0. What action is the Commission prepared to take to prevent cuts to healthcare expenditure from taking place? The economic situation is indeed leading some Member States to reduce spending on healthcare. It is evident that such budget reductions should ideally be underpinned by efficiency gains in order to ensure continued patient access to healthcare. This is also reflected in those country-specific recommendations that address healthcare system reform within the frame of the European Semester.
Consequently, the Commission supports all measures by Member States fostering a more efficient use of public resources as well as access to high quality healthcare. Academics are becoming concerned by the cuts in funding in this area. They argue that cuts in the area of science may have a significant impact of economic growth. The UK is attempting to push forward a proposal which stipulates that two votes should take place before any final decision is reached; one vote would involve states inside the banking union, and the other would involve states outside the banking union.
For three years, piecemeal measures and decisions have been adopted at various levels. In what way can the Commission play a role in helping to promote a consensus on the banking union e. The SSM is a first step towards a banking union and a pre-condition for direct recapitalisation of banks by the ESM and will thus contribute to putting an end to the negative feedback loops between banks and sovereigns.
As mentioned by the Honourable Member, there will be safeguards for non-eurozone Member States by means of double majority voting requirements, which ensure that decisions are backed by both a majority of the participating and the non-participating Member States. In its role as a facilitator the Commission is actively involved in the trilogue negotiations on the SSM in order to reach an agreement as soon as possible. What stands out is the use of legal psychotropic substances that have similar effects to controlled drugs. The chemical compositions of those stimulants are, however, altered.
As a result, they are not subject to any existing control mechanisms. Owing to the ongoing crisis, a number of Member States do not have the financial resources to resolve this difficult situation in an appropriate and effective manner. Can we expect the Commission to take action in the near future to help reduce demand for drugs on the one hand, and to limit their supply and availability on the other?
The Commission will continue supporting Member States' action in addressing illicit drug trafficking, including through the funding of cross-border cooperation projects, under EU financial programmes. The main purpose of this day is to call for increased awareness of this pernicious disease and to shed light on the issues associated with it. There are currently It is sad that those infected are often stigmatised and discriminated against. They are often ostracised from their communities. It is vital that we take appropriate measures to prevent such injustices from occurring.
We must also ensure that the general public is aware of prevention methods, risks and infection pathways, as well as the treatment options that are available worldwide. Has the Commission adopted measures to prevent people from being infected by this disease?
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How does the Commission protect the rights of those already infected, with a view to ensuring that they do not suffer from discrimination? In accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Member States are responsible for the definition of their health policy and the delivery of health services and medical care.
This is why the European Commission action is aimed at supporting Member States in their efforts. Shale gas has been ascribed a significant strategic role, as it could help Europe to reduce its dependence on energy imports from Russia. It is important to monitor regulatory regimes and practices globally. The Commission and the relevant national authorities should conduct further research on the possible impact of shale gas extraction on the environment and provide the public with information based on verified scientific data, all while maintaining the maximum levels of transparency. Does the Commission not think that it is valid and necessary to weigh up all the risks and benefits associated with shale gas extraction?
The Commission agrees that it is necessary to weigh up all the risks and benefits associated with shale gas extraction. Without expressing an opinion on the current debate on shale gas, the Commission is clearly communicating facts as well as our policy approach towards shale gas, which focuses on three main aspects:. Relevant risks and benefits will be further looked at by the Commission in the context of its initiative, aiming at an environmental, climate and energy assessment framework to enable safe and secure unconventional hydrocarbon extraction.
During the crisis the banks suffered significantly, not only as a result of the total collapse of the market, but also because they were left to the mercies of the shadow banking system. The innovative character of this system means that a new development could occur that would create systemic risk. This issue must be addressed. Will the Commission give its backing to initiatives to monitor the shadow banking system? What specific actions will the Commission take to address the issue of systemic risk in the shadow banking system?
The shadow banking area constitutes a priority of the Commission financial reform. Following the publication of its Green Paper, the Commission has received a strong support to act in particular from the European Parliament the El Khadraoui report. The Commission financial reform already addressed some of the risks posed by the shadow banking. Recipes Promotional Wall Calendar.
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